- © 2014 by The Society of Exploration Geophysicists
The Plato Depression in the Lower Magdalena Basin is a Miocene depocenter where a thick, shale-prone marine sequence known as the Porquero Formation was laid down in basin-floor conditions. Seismic inversion carried out on new and existing 2D seismic data helped to focus early exploration on a shallow stratigraphic gas-sand play associated with what seemed to be isolated shale diapirs with shallow roots. A subsequent land 3D survey helped to locate the first exploratory well, which resulted in the discovery of the Guama gas-condensate field. The main reservoir consists of laminar, low-permeability sands in a relatively thick shale-prone sequence of Early and Middle Miocene age. Sequential application of acoustic and elastic inversion and AVO analysis was used to build an evolving 3D predictive model of gas sands, extracted from an otherwise featureless seismic cube. Workflows were based on careful rock-physics analysis, simultaneous seismic inversion, and AVA analysis supported by custom well-log and seismic-gather conditioning. Work routines carried out in parallel became essential to applying quality control and fine-tuning the model, which supported three additional successful wells, early reservoir planning, and key volumetrics.